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Biomass assessment study in Rajasthan

Dalkia Energy Services Limited (DESL) carried out the biomass assessment study in Rajasthan in 2011, which estimates, on the basis of field survey, the surplus biomass availability in each district for generation of power on sustainable basis.


Potential biomass generation from agro-residues

The data on crop area, production and yield in Rajasthan for the period 2005-06 to 2008-09 has been taken from the official website of the Statistical Department, Directorate of Agriculture, Government of Rajasthan. Based on the average crop production and crop residue ratio, the crop residue generation in the districts was evaluated.


Biomass generation from agro-residues

S. No.

District

Average Biomass Generation (2005-06 to 2008-08) in

metric tonnes (MT)

1

Kota

11,63,207

2

Alwar

27,79,051

3

Jaipur

15,78,853

4

Baran

13,58,801

5

Barmer

5,76,793

6

Bharatpur

18,47,912

7

Bhilwara

10,59,945

8

Bikaner

11,91,696

9

Churu

9,40,681

10

Jhunjhunu

13,13,474

11

Bundi

11,78,519

12

Chittaurgarh

18,00,653

13

Dausa

11,04,580

14

Dholpur

7,53,147

15

Dungarpur

2,32,977

16

Ganganagar

30,08,269

17

Hanumangarh

30,45,597

18

Jaisalmer

2,76,425

19

Jalore

10,75,775

20

Jhalawar

10,79,676

21

Jodhpur

11,95,261

22

Karauli

10,45,207

23

Ajmer

5,73,002

24

Banswara

6,67,256

25

Nagaur

20,57,014

26

Pali

6,64,907

27

Rajsamand

3,32,612

28

Sawai Madhopur

9,07,276

29

Sikar

15,09,763

30

Sirohi

3,60,942

31

Tonk

9,69,826

32

Udaipur

7,56,542

33

Partapgarh

7,78,389

The study revealed Hanumangarh, Ganganagar, Alwar, Nagaur and Bharatpur as the top five districts as far as biomass generation is concerned. This is due to large availability of agricultural land resulting in high crop production in these districts.

 

Potential biomass generation from Prosopis Juliflora plantation

As per the Biomass Policy issued by the Government of Rajasthan in February 2010, the eligible biomass power producers shall identify suitable land for development of Prosopis Juliflora within reserved area of the power plant (for projects above 5 MW, Government will provide reserved area as per the biomass policy of Rajasthan) registered with RREC after approval of the project. Categories of land which are available for the development of Prosopis Juliflora are as follows:


1.      Degraded forest land, suitable for the development of Prosopis Juliflora/ other energy plantation
2.      Government wasteland/ barren land/saline land
3.      Panchayat wasteland/ barren land/ saline land
4.      Private Khatidari land, which is barren and unutilized. Rajasthan has a large area of private Khatidari land, which is
         alkaline, saline in nature and can be developed with energy plantation

Total potential of Juliflora production in all types of land in the districts of Rajasthan as evaluated by DESL is presented below:


Biomass generation from Prosopis Juliflora

District

Under Utilized/degraded notified forest land (km2)

Average Juliflora Yield

(metric tonnes/km2)

Potential Juliflora Production
(metric tonnes)

Ajmer

734.82

2,950

21,67,719

Alwar

1,624.55

2,950

47,92,423

Banswara

767.48

2,950

22,64,066

Baran

1,528.14

2,950

45,08,013

Barmer

682.59

2,950

20,13,641

Bharatpur

221.19

2,950

6,52,511

Bhilwara

582.29

2,950

17,17,756

Bikaner

74.54

2,950

2,19,893

Bundi

1,045.38

2,950

30,83,871

Chittaurgarh

638.28

2,950

18,82,926

Churu

55.36

2,950

1,63,312

Dausa

10.97

2,950

32,362

Dhaulpur

118.56

2,950

3,49,752

Dungarpur

199.81

2,950

5,89,440

Hanumangarh

37.71

2,950

1,11,245

Jaipur

940.02

2,950

27,73,059

Jaisalmer

1,324.79

2,950

39,08,131

Jalore

622.20

2,950

18,35,490

Jhalawar

1,059.85

2,950

31,26,558

Jhunjhunu

385.12

2,950

11,36,104

Jodhpur

269.80

2,950

7,95,910

Karauli

680.67

2,950

20,07,977

Kota

355.01

2,950

10,47,280

Nagaur

435.63

2,950

12,85,109

Pali

872.19

2,950

25,72,961

Rajsamand

41.53

2,950

1,22,514

Sawai Madhopur

970.62

2,950

28,63,329

Sikar

22.14

2,950

65,313

Sirohi

651.98

2,950

19,23,341

Sriganganagar

-

-

-

Tonk

506.86

2,950

14,95,237

Udaipur

255.54

2,950

7,53,843

Total

177,15.62

 

5,22,61,079


The findings are:


As far as the potential of Prosopis Juliflora production is concerned, Alwar, Baran, Jaisalmer, Jhalawar and Bundi are the five districts where there is huge availability of land under the categories of degraded forest land, Government./panchayat/private –waste, barren and saline land.


Biomass consumption study

DESL also evaluated district wise biomass consumption at both captive level (farmers and villagers) and the level of local industries such as brick kilns, briquetting units, solvent plant, existing biomass power plants, etc


Based on the above numbers, the district wise surplus biomass availability for sustainable generation of electricity was found out as follows:


District wise biomass consumption

S. No.

District

Biomass Consumption
(metric tonnes)

1

Kota

11,22,512

2

Alwar

20,50,393

3

Jaipur

14,72,340

4

Baran

7,90,549

5

Barmer

3,88,032

6

Bharatpur

11,28,797

7

Bhilwara

9,68,060

8

Bikaner

8,85,011

9

Churu

6,61,927

10

Jhunjhunu

9,95,027

11

Bundi

8,24,821

12

Chittaurgarh

14,72,510

13

Dausa

8,07,821

14

Dholpur

4,79,325

15

Dungarpur

2,25,356

16

Ganganagar

18,28,880

17

Hanumangarh

17,25,436

18

Jaisalmer

1,50,003

19

Jalore

7,57,783

20

Jhalawar

8,40,975

21

Jodhpur

7,23,965

22

Karauli

6,51,745

23

Ajmer

4,21,247

24

Banswara

6,07,804

25

Nagaur

13,94,194

26

Pali

4,14,343

27

Rajsamand

2,47,968

28

Sawai Madhopur

4,78,943

29

Sikar

12,01,978

30

Sirohi

4,20,202

31

Tonk

6,29,658

32

Udaipur

5,65,585

33

Partapgarh

6,81942

 

Total

2,80,15,132

District wise surplus biomass availability

S. No.

District

Average Biomass Generation (metric tonnes)

Biomass Consumption
(metric tonnes)

Surplus Biomass
(metric tonnes)

1

Kota

11,63,207

11,22,512

40,695

2

Alwar

27,79,051

20,50,393

7,28,657

3

Jaipur

15,78,853

14,72,340

1,06,512

4

Baran

13,58,801

7,90,549

5,68,252

5

Barmer

5,76,793

3,88,032

1,88,760

6

Bharatpur

18,47,912

11,28,797

7,19,114

7

Bhilwara

10,59,945

9,68,060

91,886

8

Bikaner

11,91,696

8,85,011

3,06,685

9

Churu

9,40,681

6,61,927

2,78,754

10

Jhunjhunu

13,13,474

9,95,027

3,18,447

11

Bundi

11,78,519

8,24,821

3,53,698

12

Chittaurgarh

18,00,653

14,72,510

3,28,143

13

Dausa

11,04,580

8,07,821

2,96,759

14

Dholpur

7,53,147

4,79,325

2,73,822

15

Dungarpur

2,32,977

2,25,356

7,621

16

Ganganagar

30,08,269

18,28,880

11,79,389

17

Hanumangarh

30,45,597

17,25,436

13,20,161

18

Jaisalmer

2,76,425

1,50,003

1,26,422

19

Jalore

10,75,775

7,57,783

3,17,992

20

Jhalawar

10,79,676

8,40,975

2,38,702

21

Jodhpur

11,95,261

7,23,965

4,71,296

22

Karauli

10,45,207

6,51,745

3,93,462

23

Ajmer

5,73,002

4,21,247

1,51,755

24

Banswara

6,67,256

6,07,804

59,453

25

Nagaur

20,57,014

13,94,194

6,62,819

26

Pali

6,64,907

4,14,343

2,50,564

27

Rajsamand

3,32,612

2,47,968

84,644

28

Sawai Madhopur

9,07,276

4,78,943

4,28,333

29

Sikar

15,09,763

12,01,978

3,07,785

30

Sirohi

3,60,942

4,20,202

-59,260

31

Tonk

9,69,826

6,29,658

3,40,168

32

Udaipur

7,56,542

5,65,585

1,90,957

33

Partapgarh

7,78,389

6,81,942

96,447


The major findings on surplus availability are:


Districts Hanumangarh, Ganganagar, Alwar, Bharatpur and Nagaur are the top five districts as far as surplus biomass availability for power
generation is concerned. Although these districts have high biomass consumption, yet because of higher biomass generation, these
districts have high availability of surplus biomass.


Districts Sirohi, Dungarpur, Kota, Banswara, Rajsamand, Bhilwara and Pratapgarh have low surplus biomass (less than 100000 MT)
availability on account of low biomass generation in these districts.

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Last updated on: May 20, 2016